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16 blog post(s) found in "Career Development"
October 21, 2020
CATEGORY: Career Development

Some jobs are already extinct due to advances in technology. One of the examples of jobs axed were in the telecommunications industry. Such jobs gradually disappeared as new smartphones entered the market. Here are the extinct jobs from the medieval period to recent history. Telephone Booth Clerk The 1980s and 1990s decade was the era of a golden age for telecommunications companies that employ telephone booth clerks. The job of clerks was to guide and connect customers to their friends or loved ones. They may also process the payments of customers using the telephone booth. When the smartphones came into the market and became more affordable for the public, telephone booths slowly faded as well as the telecom companies that were too slow or unable to innovate or upgrade their products and services.    Gong/ Night Farmer Don’t be misled by the term “farmer” in this occupation, gong farmers didn't harvest crops but instead …. A crap - fecal matter. So there goes, during the medieval period in the European countries, relieving oneself involves a privy consisting of a raised board and a collector underneath. The feces were collected into the cesspits. Over time, these cesspits overflowed with feces and needed to be empty. This is where gong farmers do their job - empty and collect their stinking harvest.               Gong farmers carried carts or wheelbarrows to collect heaps or piles of poop and dump them into the community pit. Because of the unholy smell emanating from the human excrement, gong farmers only worked at night to avoid disturbing people from being horrified by the obnoxious gases. That’s when the term “Night farmer” came into being. The word “Gong” came from the word “going” from the phrase going to the bathroom. The invention of latrines, septic tanks and sewage collection services had made this job extinct. Bowling Pinsetter Photo by Library of Congress and licensed under Creative Commons If you have been to bowling alleys during the 1990s and early 2000s, most bowling centres employ bowling pinsetters. These workers’ job was to collect pins and lay them upright for players to hit. The downside of this job is that you have to avoid being hit by the plastic or fibreglass ball and end up with the injured foot. Pinsetter machines replaced this job in most or all bowling alleys. Telegram Messenger Back to the 1980s and 1990s, when people sent letters to telecom companies. A telegram is a short-medium message with a corresponding price for the number of words. A messenger task was to carry a bunch of envelopes containing messages delivered by a cargo. The invention of smartphones and SMS have made this job obsolete.  Human Alarm Clock During the industrial revolution in Ireland and Britain, a paid human alarm clock or knocker-up woke up their clients using sticks to knock onto the doors and windows. This job went extinct with the invention of mechanical and digital alarm clocks. Old Gaming Console Attendant Back to the 1990s, when gaming consoles such as the family computer and sega were common, jobs sprouted at that time. A gaming console attendant’s job was to record the time in and time out of players. They also ensured that the rules’ were followed such as throwing litters in the trash can and processing payments.  Today, there are still gaming console attendants but they are mostly limited to virtual reality consoles and high-end gaming PCs. Morse Code Operator Morse code constitutes dots, dashes, and spaces that correspond to letters, punctuation and numbers. Such dots and dashes are represented by long and short sounds. Back to the 19th century and early 20th century, most telecom companies used Morse code for communication. The invention of smartphones, cell sites and other radio communication devices made the commercial use of morse code obsolete. Now, this job is confined to some of the aviation and naval industries. Pager Operator Way back to the 1990s when pagers were regarded as a mobile form of texting just like today’s mobile phones, pager operators stand between the sender who calls via phone and the receiver who owns a pager. The job involved transcribing the verbal message of the messenger and sending that message into the pager of the receiving person. A pager is a small and pocket-size device with LCD backlit display that shows monochrome characters of numbers and letters.  When mobile phones arrived at the telecommunication scene, the use of pagers plummeted. Slowly, mobile phones replaced pagers although pagers are still used by some doctors, rescue teams, lifeboat crews, mountain rescue teams and emergency workers. Pagers hold one big advantage - they use very high frequency which needs few transmitters and less interfering obstacles compared to smartphones. Video Store Attendant If you’re the 1980s or 1990s kid, you may remember those shops housing shelves or libraries of VHS and Betamax tapes. Betamax was developed by Sony to record sounds and videos. VHS or video home system is another recording medium released by Japan Vector Company. The video store attendant’s job was to process requests of customers, help them find the best movies, inform them about the latest release and process payments. Soon after early 2000s CDs and blu-ray disks came and replaced VHS and Betamax tapes which became museum pieces.  The obsolescence of Betamax and VHS tape ended the careers of video store attendants.  Lamplighter In the early 19th century and 20th century, gas streetlights illuminated cities, homes and streets. Someone had to light these lampposts and extinguish them by the next morning. Thousands of these lampposts were installed in major cities and thus required numerous lamppost lighters. Lamppost lighters used to carry ladders and matches to remove the lamp cover and light a candle or some sort of gas soaked wick. Soon after, the introduction of incandescent light bulbs and fluorescent lamps made this job extinct. Reel Film Projectionist Reel film projectionists carry film reels measured 2,000 foot or 610 meters and it can be longer than that depending on the movie’s duration. He or she may replace the reel with another one after the movie finishes, maintain film projectors and repair the devices. The invention of digital format mediums such as hard disks, solid-state drives and USB drives made this job from near to complete obsolescence.  Today, film projectionists became digital projectionists who are masters of digital film projectors equipped with hard drives or USB ports. Some reel film projections do exist but they are limited to some speciality and old cinemas. 

September 11, 2020
CATEGORY: Career Development

Over the years, companies, employers, managers and employees see employment akin to marriage. The company is there to protect and provide the needs of its people while expecting loyalty and commitment. But time has changed. The Internet brought everyone closer, created more competition, and provided learning resources. Such a vast amount of info changed the mindset of the employed, unemployed and recent graduates of rethinking job-hopping. But the question is - is job-hopping okay? Let’s find out. What is job-hopping? Job hopping refers to the job changes in a short span of time. For example, you’re a job hopper if you switch into 5 different jobs within 10 years - working for a company for less than two years. Another, if you only spend 6 months in the job and find another one.   Pros Learn new skills​ Job hopping may lead you to new opportunities such as a chance to apply in a job different from what you have been used to. For example, If you’re working as a data encoder and studying web development, you can find another job in web development which offers more chances of career advancement and good salary. From this new job, you can hone your skills to learn programming languages such as Javascript, PHP and Python. Change careers Switching careers is the process of changing your field of work. For example, you decided to quit your job as a cook to study as a medical professional to pursue your goal of becoming a medical technologist or nurse (or vice versa). Changing careers could be the answer to your inner calling. Find a better pay​ If you have been stuck in your current position and salary, changing jobs after 6 months or 1 year can be your chance to look for a position that pays more than your current work. The pay scale depends on the company size and responsibilities. Meet new people and grow your network​ If you like to increase your network, job-hopping could help you meet new people and thus a network. A new job could be a venue for new friends, business partners and even opportunities. Opportunities abound. Avoid layoffs and bankruptcy​ Your company might have you for layoffs or fall into bankruptcy for a number of reasons such as economic depression, natural disasters, slow business, cost-cutting etc. Job hopping can save you time and emotional depression caused by the unpleasant surprise factor of being suddenly out of a job that is beyond your control.   Cons Employers might view job-hopping negatively Most, if not all, employers regard job-hopping negatively. Their human resource personnel are wary of applicants who treat their jobs and company as if they are just hitching a ride. Employers regard job-hoppers as applicants who are directionless and uncommitted. You can be regarded as having work value issues. Moreover, employers value employees who are loyal and dedicated. You’ll face the risk of job insecurity  Getting unemployed is one of the worst events that could happen in your life. If you’re not ready - no savings and without the next job that you can rely on, then you’ll be going to be broke. You’ll get limited experiences ​ Skills that need more concentration, persistence and brainpower will require a large amount of time and experience. If you’re trying to be good at web development, then a short stint won’t help you earn experiences and competence. Scattered experience Job-hopping for a different skill set can make you unattractive before the eyes of the recruitment personnel and the employer. Scattered experiences refer to different jobs within a span of a year or a couple of years. And having such colourful experiences in your resume will appear as shallow in the eyes of the interviewer and employee. Directionless career path Job hopping can lead to a directionless career path or without the goal of improving a skill or expertise. Because you have short stints, you could end up going to square one and repeating the same job. In this case, you can’t go close to mastering one or two skills.   When job-hopping is Ok. The pros and cons of job-hopping vary depending on your situation, career history and educational background. If you choose to switch job, ensure to plan it carefully and avoid haphazard decisions which you can regret later. Here are the instances, which you can regard job-hopping as a better alternative rather than staying in your job/work/company for long. You hit the ceiling - no career improvement, you don’t get rewarded for your hard work and you’re unrecognized. Bad working conditions such as an unhealthy working environment. You’re compelled to work for unpaid overtime. Bad management Your salary isn’t enough to cover your daily expenses (unless you absolutely don’t have an immediate choice). You’re certain of impending company bankruptcy and layoffs. You are working in a short-term (project-based) job. When job-hopping is not Ok? You just like to job hop for adventure. When you’re a new graduate - unless you got a meagre income or a job with bad working conditions. What should you do before your job hop? Before you decide to change jobs, make sure of these things: You have enough savings to cover your job hunting if you don’t have a next job to rely on. You’ll need money to cover your food, bills, mobile load, paperwork and rent. Even if you got a new job, you’ll still need buffer funds to cover expenses or bills before you get the next payout. You’re 100 % sure of the next job that could be in waiting for you to sign a new contract. So, is it Ok to job hop? Generally, it’s best to stay in a company to work on your experience of 1 year or two. There you can test if your goals fit in the company work and culture. Take note of your career progress (income and skills set). If nothing happens despite your efforts and you hit a stumbling block (which is out of your control), considering to switch a job is the best decision because you may miss opportunities (better pay and working conditions). The pros and cons of job-hopping depend on your situation such as - educational background, work history, skillset, the economic strength of your family and the overall status of the company

June 27, 2020
CATEGORY: Career Development

Jobs, the foundation, where we earn our daily living to pay bills, buy things and build our career could be threatened by robots and AIs. Jobs can be threatened because of economic downfall. One thing that can threaten jobs is the constant progress in technology. Several articles on the internet list jobs that could be replaced, impacted or transformed by robots, Artificial Intelligence and technology. Will robots arrive to knock at your door and drop off their resumes?  Will AI replace some of the jobs? Source: https://willrobotstakemyjob.com/ The jobs below have been mentioned across the internet as those with higher chances of automation. Such automation could happen in countries with higher technological advancement but not any time soon in countries with low AI and technology penetration. There is conflicting info cited in some internet articles whether these jobs can be replaced or not by the machines.  It’s hard to predict the future but AI and technology could replace jobs that are simple or repeatable that don’t need human oversight and creativity.  Jobs that are repetitive, easy and don't need human interaction could be replaced by robots. Some jobs can be impacted by AI but they can’t be replaced by robots. Rather, they will be transformed, which means it can result to new jobs.   BURGER FLIPPERS Burger flippers are those people who work in shops and restaurants. They take frozen burger patties or sausages, grease the grill, and flip the meat to make sure they aren't’ burnt on each side. The pros of this job - it’s easy to do. The cons - it’s low paid and you’ll end up greased and sweated after day’s work. Caliburger, a California burger chain, used flippy - costs $60,000 -  $100,000 robot that can flip numerous burgers in a minute. Using a computer, the human programs the robot according to the seconds (80s, 71s). Jerrson Graham from USA today commented that the burger tastes like human flipped burgers, although it’s a little bit salty.  If the inventors perfect the robot, it could replace human flippers but this would not happen anytime soon as the machine is too expensive and not every business can afford it.   CASHIERS Cashiers work in pharmacies, grocery stores, markets, toll gates and paid parking lots. They scan barcodes, receive payments, enter the correct price, place goods onto bags, keep cash and report such amounts to the treasury.  Tech advances in computers, software and artificial intelligence lead to partial automation in some places. One example is the cashier-less store of Amazon Go that uses hundreds of sensors and cameras on every shelf. Customers will tap their smartphone on the gate, enter the store, and pick up goods from the shelves. The shoppers will use RFID tags in each good to check out. On the other hand, in countries where there is less AI and technology penetration, automating cashier jobs is unlikely in the near future.   ACCOUNTANTS AND BOOKKEEPING CLERK Different opinions say about the plight of accountants and bookkeepers in the near future. An article from Hubspot lists bookkeepers as among the jobs where robots can take over. Likewise, vanna.com cited accountants as one of those replaceable by AI. On the other hand, finance.toolbox.com reports that AI will not replace accountants but instead transform into other jobs for humans because still, humans are the ultimate decision and oversight maker.  While we aren’t sure about the future, we can see in the trend that software such as Enterprise Resource Planning programs, Quickbooks, Freshbooks can pull transactions from credit and bank accounts. ERP programs can already automate 50% of accounting tasks such as double entry. Online software such as Hubdoc and Shoeboxed can scan documents, convert them into digital format and records. Will AI take jobs from Accountants and Bookkeepers? They could be transformed into a foreseeable future and perhaps have their tasks replaced by software. These two jobs can assume another role - data managers and advisors who make decisions and oversight.    BANK TELLERS Bank tellers are in the hot list of jobs replaceable by robots. There’s already an ATM capable of receiving cash deposits - although it’s only among the jobs of bank tellers. Some articles reported a bank staffed by robots. One example is the China Construction Bank that used assorted ATMs and machines that offer foreign exchange, account opening, deposits and wealth management.  Another is an article about the prediction from Wells Fargo (A US Bank and Financial Service company) which cited that robots could snatch 200,000 jobs from humans in the next 10 years. Based on these articles, those banking jobs with menial and repetitive jobs could be replaced or at least affected by technology. Again, it’s hard to predict whether androids would come knocking before a bank employee’s doorstep. Like accountants, such technology affecting bank teller jobs could take decades or more in countries or places with low technology penetration.   DRIVERS A self-driving car is able to self-drive without a human behind its steering wheel. Google has already started its autonomous car in US roads and another in the UK. Alphabet Inc. (Google’s parent company) owns Waymo, a subsidiary, responsible for developing self-driving technology. You can notice a self-driving car through the variety of sensors embedded inside and outside. Google uses sensors to navigate roads, identify and avoid obstacles. The sensors include LiDAR (Light Detection and Ranging), gyroscope, GPS, altimeter, tachometer, ultrasonic sensor and radar. However, this self-driving technology is far from perfect as it has only limitations such as the inability to pothole detection, detours, rerouted roads, inclement weather, unmapped stoplights, and human or police officer signals. Now, back to the issue if tech could replace drivers. The answer is that it won’t replace drivers anytime soon in the near future. Even if somehow programmers and developers overcome obstacles, the computer controlling the car has to deal with making the best decision out of multiple bad choices.   MOVIE STARS  Star Wars, one of the most iconic and cultural movies, used a CGI (Computer Generated Imagery) to replace the late Carrie Fisher. The digital Princess Leia looked similar to the actress as the movie used another CGI to superimpose the computer-generated face over other actresses' faces before Fisher passed away. Fisher’s family already approved a CGI Princess Leia for another Star Wars movie. For movies completely made with 3D animation, it’s already happening when full digital characters act and talk like humans.  On the other hand, there’s an argument that AI/robots won't replace movie stars because of “emotion”. Robots have no emotions and such human quality is always found in scenes. Possible scenarios that could happen in the near future include: 3D movies will give rise to video editor and animator jobs. AI, CGI and robots will perhaps transform or augment movie or voice acting jobs. FACTORY WORKERS Factory workers include packers, machinists, welders, CNC (Computer Numerical Control) machine operators, quality inspectors, and safety specialists. They work in factories of metal sheets, cars, car parts, appliances and plastics.  According to a BBC report, robots could replace up to 20 million factory jobs by 2030. Oxford Economics (a quantitative analysis and global forecasting firm)  said that jobs that are repetitive, menial or low skilled are at risk of being replaced by automation. On the other hand, jobs that need creativity, compassion, and social intelligence won’t be replaced by robots.    Will Robots and AI ultimately take away jobs from Humans? It’s hard to come up with an accurate conclusion as some of the estimates or predictions may or might be exaggerated. We can conclude that: It’s plausible that jobs can be affected or transformed by technology. Automation and robotics could create other job opportunities such as programming, and robotic jobs. Repetitive, menial or low skilled jobs could be replaced by AI and robots. Some jobs prone to tech advancements will be affected in places where there are high technological penetration (the United States, Japan, Germany, Norway, Finland, France).   What to do when faced with technological advances? Learn creative and higher skills - These skills involve the need for creativity, social interaction, and emotion - things that can’t be automated by zeros and ones and even advanced AIs or robots. Examples of high-skilled jobs are dieticians, writers, psychologists, health social workers, . Learn two or more skills - If your career is solely focused on jobs that could be replaced by automation (cashier, factory worker), then you may lose your job to technological advances in the near or far future. You can learn side skills that are not related or related to your present job.

May 29, 2020
CATEGORY: Career Development

Construction is one of the top and emerging industries in the Philippines. A file from the Technical Education and Skills Development Authority (TESDA) cites construction having a 4.7% compound annual growth rate (CAGR).  Philippine Statistics Authority (PSA) reported the industry as one of the top contributors to the economic growth of some Philippine regions. Philippine President Rodrigo Duterte also initiated the “build, build, build” program which aims to complete projects in farm to market roads, road-widening, airports, healthcare centres and schools.  CAD OPERATOR OR DRAFTSMAN Image by Jean-Paul Jandrain from Pixabay An AutoCAD operator is a computer professional trained in using computer-aided design software such as Autodesk’s CAD, Catia, TurboCAD, FreeCAD and Solidworks. Your role here is vital to the construction business as your designs and custom blueprints will guide architects, civil and electrical engineers. You may or not need an engineering and architectural degree but a solid experience in CAD software will get you far in your job. An engineering background will help in this job. Some companies will require you a short course certificate or vocational diploma; while others will prefer you to complete a 2-years associate degree from a college or technical institute.   ARCHITECT Photo by asawin form PxHere Aesthetically pleasing structures such as shopping malls and towers have their intricate interior and exterior designs - thanks to architects. Famous masterpieces include Musee du Louvre in Paris, France, the Roman colosseum in Italy,  the Cocoon Tower in Tokyo, Japan and the National Museum in Manila, Philippines. Like draftsmen, you’ll use software to prepare scaled drawings and designs for indoor and outdoor spaces. You may tackle architectural software such as 3Ds Max, Revit, Sketchup, Civil 3D, AutoCAD, and Rhino 6. Another is you may visit construction sites to make sure contractors are following your design; collaborate with civil engineers and other types of architects (landscape architects).  Your final design will show up once you and other construction workers finish the building. To be an architect you need to finish a degree in BS Architecture and pass a Architectural Licensure Examination conducted by Board of Architecture and supervised by the Professional Regulations Commission.   CIVIL ENGINEER Photo by Pxfuel and licensed under Creative Commons A civil engineer is a construction professional that oversees the construction phase. They are usually portrayed wearing a yellow hard and reading an unrolled blueprint paper. If you like the science of measurements and designing buildings, dams, bridges, roads, and airports then this career is for you.   One of the best things about this job is - you’ll see the finished product of your planning and supervision along with foremen and other construction professionals. You may also enjoy a salary higher than the minimum wage depending on the company size, location and experience.  To be a full-fledged civil engineer, you must finish a degree from a Commission on Higher Education (CHED) recognized college or university and pass a licensure exam. Other specific vacancies may not require a license but may need a working experience.    CRANE OPERATOR Photo by SMC Construction Crane Operator and Licensed under Creative Commons Maybe you have been to construction sites and saw that tower cranes move tons of steels, buckets of concrete and construction materials. Those guys manning the small control cabin are crane operators. You’ll move joysticks to control pulleys and lift, move and lower scaffolding materials, sheaves, hoist ropes, and wire ropes.  Wonder how cranes grow like a centipede? Watch this video. A job like this is both rewarding and nerve-wracking. If your crane reaches the topmost deck or antenna-like part of the Burj Khalifa in Dubai, UAE then you may need a ball of steel to endure the fear of heights.    DOCUMENT CONTROLLER Photo by Bongkarn Thankyakij/Pexels and Licensed under Creative Commons Your office and organizing skills will be put to use in this job as your role is in the back-office department like in the call-centre industry. Most of your tasks will be in the site or administrative office helping engineers and architects get their blueprints and other documents efficiently. You’ll use software that stores and retrieves blueprints. Sort documents, make templates and safely keep such documents from unauthorized access. You’ll likely work in construction projects and in the oil and gas industry.  Qualifications may include a degree in business administration, civil engineering, computer science, office administration and experience in managing records.   ELECTRICAL ENGINEER Image by Michal Jarmoluk from Pixabay  Structures don’t only provide a space to live but it also houses electronics, circuits and wires that power lighting, elevator, and HVAC (Heating Ventilation and Air-conditioning). In this electrical niche is where Electrical engineers come into play.  Your passion or interest in tinkering with circuits designs and electrical devices will be put to use in this profession. Your day in a job involves designing electrical circuits for LED lamps, infrared (IR) dryers, fire alarm systems, air conditioning systems for each floor and other electrical devices. You may also work in an office setting such as keeping files, presenting project plans and collaborating with other engineers and construction workers. This profession is regulated under the Republic Act no. 7920 and requires a licensure exam through the Professional Regulations Commission.    HEAVY EQUIPMENT OPERATOR Image by skeeze from Pixabay  If you like driving big toys from CAT (a manufacturer of heavy equipment), then this job is for you. You’ll operate trucks and bulldozers and other machines to carry out daily construction work. If you drive an excavator vehicle, you’ll be inside its cabin and manipulate the joysticks to control a mechanical arm. Your machine can dig trenches, move rocks and soil to excavate and make an open space for building foundation or beam. To be in this role, you need to finish a technical education from a tech school or college recognized by TESDA and pass a certification labelled as NC-II. You might need a different license category for various types of heavy equipment (bulldozer vs road roller). You’ll go far in this profession if you can operate different types of vehicle. Other heavy equipment you may drive include: Backhoe Cement mixer Dragline excavator Feller bunchers Forwarders Grader Loaders Road roller Telehandlers Trenchers Your other tasks include:  Following safety standards for use of heavy equipment Maintaining log sheets of daily activities Cleaning of machines   MANUAL LABOURER Photo by Iniabasi Udosen and licensed under Creative Commons Manual labourers are one of the front liners of the construction industry. They are also called unskilled manual labourers and have no formal or minimal training in trades such as carpentry, plumbing, welding, rigging etc. Educational and training requirements for this job aren’t stringent compared to skilled construction workers. In this role, having physical strength and endurance in an outdoor environment will help you in these tasks: Carrying of bricks and hollow blocks Cutting and bending iron rods  Digging trenches Fitting windows Following safety standards Manual cement mixing Manual shallow digging Site sweeping   RIGGER Photo by Jes and licensed under Creative Commons A Rigger is a skilled tradesperson who is responsible for aligning, hoisting, anchoring construction materials. The term “rigger” originated from the same job title for people who work in ships where they tie ropes to hoist sails. Today riggers work in the construction, shipping and petroleum industry.  For this job, you’re going to use rigging tools to structures and cranes. Such tools include radio devices, chain hoists, capstans, wire rope slings, chain slings, spreader bars, clevis, jacks for cranes, pulleys, cables, and shackles. You may also work in ships and the navy. Your daily tasks will be: Attach ropes to the load. Follow with safety regulations. Figure out the load’s centre of gravity to stabilize it. Use different rigging tools such as chokers, shackles, slings and winches. Tilt, turn or dip suspended loads to prevent collision to obstacles such as power lines and other rigged loads. Use radios or walkie talkies to coordinate rigging to other construction workers.

April 10, 2020
CATEGORY: Career Development

A quote says “It is health that is real wealth and not pieces of gold and silver”. No matter how you stash your money, if your health is in peril, you’ll never awake one day and enjoy the fruits of your labour. As time progresses and baby boomers age, the demand for health care rises. The Philippines has one of the best health professionals owing to its colleges and universities that produce graduates. The Department of Labor and Employment of the Philippines (DOLE) listed healthcare as one of the priority industries in the country for the next 5 years.  Here are some of the health-related jobs in the Philippines.   DIETICIAN Photo by Petr Kratovchvil from Needpix For this role, you’re an expert in human nutrition, tasked to prevent diseases through the right choice of food. Your role is important to the healthcare team and the community as you guide people to make health-conscious decisions.  Where do they work You may work in barangay health care centers, hospitals, supermarket chains, fitness websites, pharmacy, food and beverage, sports organizations, or as a consultant or self-employed position. How to be one To be a professional Dietician, you’ll need a bachelor's degree (Bachelor of Science in Nutrition and Dietetics - BS ND) in a school recognized by the CHED (Commission on Higher Education) and pass a licensure exam by the Professional Regulations Commission. What dieticians do Identify and treat health problems through the knowledge of nutrients and metabolism. Plan meals and nutritional programs. Assist in treating malnutrition. Plan, conduct and evaluate nutritional educational programs. Skills profile Soft skills Hard skills Non-judgemental attitude Patience in persuading people to alter eating habits. Verbal and writing skills Time-management Negotiation  Team-work Understanding of human nutrition, biochemistry and physiology. Computer skills for accessing and recording patient records Meal planning Diagnosis of eating disorders Understanding of food science   MASSAGE THERAPIST Photo by Massagemerds from Needpix.com If you like people skills and healing others through the use of your hands and feet, then a massage therapy career is for you. Here you relieve pain and increase blood circulation to promote the wellbeing of your clients. Where do they work Massage therapists are either regular employees or self-employed in: Spa franchises Fitness centers Hospitals Hotels As a self-employed, you may carry your own tools such as Shiatsu massager, chair, and oil. Do I need a license While there are freelance or independent massage therapists in the country, the Department of Health’s Committee of Examiners for Massage Therapy (CEMT) regulates the practice of the said profession pursuant to the provisions of the sanitation codes Presidential Decree 856 and Executive Order 102. So, if you want to advance your career in this field, you can go ahead with licensing and training. Here is a resource. Skills profile Soft skills Hard skills Cultural understanding Customer-service Empathy Focus and avoiding distractions Hygiene habits Time management Massage techniques (kneading, Swedish massage, transverse friction, longitudinal gliding) Proper use of tools (massage chairs, rollers, stones, creams, oil and lotions) Safety protocols to avoid self-inflicted injury and safety to customers. Certifications and licensing for career advancement and compliance to government and industry-standard regulations   MEDICAL RECORDS OFFICER Photo by David Snider, USAID from Pixnio.com Perhaps, this is one of the least stressful jobs. Being in this role, you’ll wade through medical papers of past and present patients. A typical medical record you’ll deal with has these sections: personal info, medical history, treatment history, family medical history and medical directives (your wishes if you can't speak for yourself).  Your role is essential to the health-care system in hospitals and clinics, as medical history and info can affect the doctors and other healthcare professionals' decisions on patient’s therapy. Records organize treatment flow and prevent misdiagnosis.  What do medical records officers do Keep and secure the confidentiality of files against unauthorized access. Encode paper records into a computer. Retrieve medical records for doctors, medical technologists and other health personnel. Operate a computer program that handles health records. Prepare the patient’s admission and discharge documents. Release info to government agencies that need such a record. Resolve discrepancies in records. Follow the management’s rules on keeping medical records. Process medical bills. Skills profile Soft skills Hard skills Anger management Attention-to-detail Customer service Oral and written communication. Time management Use of computer and software (Electronic Health Records) Ex: AdvanceMD and Kareo Use of scanners Typing Understanding of medical terms Understanding of health insurance   MEDICAL TECHNOLOGIST Photo by Hawsar from Pexels.com The world of a microbiologist or the study of microbes in the field of this profession. Medical technologists or med techs are tasked to analyze body fluids. You have an understanding of protozoans, bacteria, and viruses. If you like to work in a few team settings and less contact with patients, then this job is for you. What med techs do Analyze blood, urine and fecal samples that can be used by doctors, health professionals and companies needing medical checks for their employees. Sterilize tools used for testing. Analyze the test results and record data. Use high-tech and sophisticated equipment such as analyzers. Advise doctors on the proper use of scrubs, gloves and gowns. Skills profile Soft skills Hard skills Analysis Customer-service Eye-detail Negotiation Oral and written communication Problem-solving Team-work Time-management Understanding of microbiology Use of sophisticated types of equipment (analysers and microscope) Safe use of testing and sampling kits Safe protocols for handling biohazardous samples Recognizing microbe samples Competence in analyzing patient’s samples   MEDICAL TRANSCRIPTIONIST Photo by Piqsels and licensed under Creative Commons The Philippines is among the top countries for hosting BPO companies. And one of the jobs is medical transcriptionist.  If you like computer work and transcribing data while using your health-related course, this job is a good start. What medical transcriptionists do Enter medical records data into a computer. Make reports on outpatient and in-patient info, medical research, letters and statistics. Transcribe dictated sentences into written format. Edit and review the transcribed report for grammar, fact, spelling, clarity and correct use of medical terms. Identify correct terms, inconsistencies, medical term mistakes, homonyms, and jargon. Skills profile Soft skills Hard skills Anger management Attention-to-detail Customer-service Oral and written communication Self-motivation Team-work Time-management Fast -typing Knowledge of medical terms English grammar, spelling and mechanics. Use of computer   PHARMACIST Photo by Rural health Professions and licensed under Creative Commons For this role, you have the expertise to identify the type of drugs and all names and their generic terms. So if the ailment is sinus, throat, and ear you’ll dispense Azithromycin (generic for Z-Pak and Zithromax), Vicodin (acetaminophen/hydrocodone) for pain. Your profession provides hospitals and clinics with drugs appropriate for a specific illness. A day in your life will be mostly in clinics, pharmaceutical companies, franchise drugstores, and hospitals. What pharmacist do Interpret doctor’s orders. Identify and dispense the correct drug. Secure records of files, poison registries and patient profiles. Work with doctors, nurses, rad techs and med techs to monitor, review and evaluate the efficacy of drugs Advise clients on the best medical brands and supplies. Make inventories of stocks. Observe prescribing trends to prevent harmful drug interactions and excessive use. Skills profile Soft skills Hard skills Analytical Customer-service Empathy Multi-tasking Oral and written communication Problem-solving Time-management Knowledge of drugs, its composition, names, dosage, effects and interactions. Human physiology  Human anatomy Basic math Biochemistry Biology   RADIATION TECHNOLOGIST (RAD TECH) Photo by Piqsels and licensed under Creative Commons You may have already been to X-Ray rooms where someone asked you to face the wall while waiting for a photography-like machine to operate. Then, if you have been to well-funded hospitals, you already experienced entering your feet first into a doughnut-shaped device that can show your insides.  If you like to analyze and operate these sophisticated and pricey gizmos, then a rad tech career should be your calling. What Rad techs do Follow a doctor’s order on the specific body part that needs imaging. Follow a process to prevent excessive exposure of radiation to patients or themselves. Assist patients into using the equipment. Organize and track patient’s images and records. Explain the process to patients. Skills profile Soft skills Hard skills Compassion Customer-service Empathy Oral and written communication Team-work Time-management Correct use of sophisticated types of equipment such as CAT, Mammograms, X-Rays, and Magnetic Resonance Imaging. Safety use of equipment to prevent unnecessary radiation overdose. Knowledge of physiology and anatomy Basic life support Practice of sterile techniques Analysis of patient’s clinical info

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